According to the U.S. media reports on December 7, developing countries such as China, India and Brazil are obviously more enthusiastic than the developed countries in the United States and some Europe in the face of the development of autonomous vehicles and related technologies.
A recent Ford survey shows that the future of driverless cars may vary in different countries. Compared with Americans, the Chinese are more optimistic about the future development of driverless cars. At the same time, India and Brazil, two developing countries, are also more optimistic about driverless cars than the developed countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom and Germany. This means that different countries and regions may adopt different strategies for driverless cars once they are fully launched.
Sheryl Connelly, global trends and future development manager for Ford, said: "The survey results show that autonomous vehicles are not a universal solution." On the contrary, driven by the environment, future development has subtle differences. The survey was conducted in 9 countries and regions in the world with a total of 10,000 interviewees who surveyed whether "there is hope for the future of driverless cars". The survey is part of Ford's 2018 Trend Report. The 2018 Trend Report for Ford is on a global scale and covers a wide range of topics, many of which are not directly related to transportation.
From the survey results, the Chinese are the most optimistic driverless cars, as high as 93% of the respondents on the interview held a positive attitude. India followed, with 81% agreeing that 75% of Brazil's respondents are also optimistic about future driverless cars. While 71% of people in Saudi Arabia and UAE agree. The number of affirmative opinions in developed countries is generally less than that in developing countries. While 52% of Australians are optimistic about driverless cars, the United States and Canada support a ratio of 50%, while 45% and 44% of people in the UK and Germany, respectively, are hopeful.
According to Connelly, the reason why respondents from all countries have different attitudes toward autonomous vehicles is mainly due to the densely populated cities. The higher the density of urban population, the more people welcome autonomous vehicles. For example, New York is the most densely populated city in the United States, with 8 million people. This figure also includes some of New Jersey's population. More than 10 million people can be classified as "megacities" and New York barely counts as one. In Beijing, there are 23 million people, and one-way commuting takes up to five hours. In addition, India and Brazil also have densely populated cities. The United Nations says the "mega-cities" in the world are mainly concentrated in Asia, Africa and Latin America. In 2016, of the 31 "megacities" identified by the United Nations, only the cities of New York and Los Angeles were short-listed in the U.S. cities, while Paris and London were the only ones in Europe. In comparison, there are six "megacities" in China alone, five in India, Sao Paulo in Brazil and Rio de Janeiro in the charts.
Connelly said although people in Europe and the United States have traffic jams, people are less stressed. Coupled with strong car traditions and cultures in countries such as the United States, this could create resistance to new changes.
As for whether autonomous vehicles can ease traffic congestion has been widely controversial. The view is that self-driving cars can reduce traffic jams caused by traffic accidents. For example, self-driving cars use advanced sensors and inter-vehicle communication technology to be more efficient than manual driving and make traffic more smooth. At the same time, however, there is also the view that autonomous vehicles increase the risk of congestion and the road is crowded with self-driving cars that pick up passengers. However, a true autonomous car frees the driver from driving and the crew can work, entertain or talk to others.
Source: China Battery Network